School: Viqarunnisa Noon School & College
"Neptune’s satellite Triton is the seventh largest satellite of our solar system, and the ﬁrst Neptunian moon to be discovered by human race. English astronomer William Lassell discovered Triton on October 10, 1846. Triton was thought to have been a dwarf planet captured from “Kuiper belt”. Triton has a retrograde orbit [it orbits in a direction opposite to the planet’s rotation]. It is to be noted that most of the outer irregular moons have a retrograde orbit and situate much more distant from their primaries. Moreover, their size is quite small in comparison to Triton. Triton’s color is reddish and its surface has blocky outcrops, ridges, troughs, furrows, hollows, plateaus, icy plains and few crates.
We know that Triton’s surface is covered with thin ice sheet. I assume that the solar radiation passes through the thin surface ice sheet; slowly heating and vaporizing subsurface nitrogen until enough gas pressure accumulates for it to erupt through the crust. This nitrogen plume activity is distinct from Triton’s larger scale cryovolcanic eruptions, as well as volcanic processes on other worlds, which are powered by internal heat.
I found keen interest on the cantaloupe terrain. On Triton’s western hemisphere, there are a few craters. Actually we can’t say them craters because they are all in similar size and have a smooth curve. I believe this is the oldest terrain on Triton and its skin is like a cantaloupe melon. I agree with a hypothesis which says- “the rising of lumps of less dense material though a stratum of denser material.” I have a little doubt about an alternative hypothesis which says- “formation by collapses or by cryovolcanism”. Because I don’t think cryovolcanism can do this as scientiﬁcally it seems quite illogical to me.
The largest crater in Triton is named “Mozamba.” The largest crater is about 27 km in diameter. The south polar region of Triton is covered with a highly reﬂective cap of frozen nitrogen and methane. I believe Triton must have a north polar cap. Four roughly circular “Walled Plains” have been identiﬁed on Triton. I totally agree that they are quite rare. Because they are the ﬂattest regions so far discovered, with a variance in altitude of less than 200 meters.
We know that Neptune orbits the sun. That means Triton takes turns to the sun, resulting in seasonal changes as one pole, then the other moves into sunlight. Such changes were observed in 2010.
In the end, I would like to say that Triton is a mysterious satellite because of its shape (retrograde orbit) and almost 60% of its unrevealed things. A lot of research works are yet to be done to reveal the secrets of Triton, a mysterious satellite of the planet Neptune."